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Sun Spots: What Are They and What Causes Them?

Last updated 6 years ago

Sun spots, also called age spots or liver spots, can appear on anyone but are usually seen in people over the age of 40. These spots are areas of the skin that have a concentrated amount of pigment. If you have sun spots, you may feel self-conscious about them. Many people can have these spots removed or lightened with laser skin rejuvenation treatments.

Causes of Sun Spots

Sun spots are more noticeable on people who have light skin, and they often resemble freckles. Areas of the body that are exposed to the sun, such as the face, hands, and head, are the most common areas for sun spots to appear.

  • The most common cause of sun spots on the skin is prolonged exposure to the sun and its damaging UVA and UVB rays. This generates an overproduction of melanin in specific areas of the body, resulting in darkened spots.
  • Overactive hormones that are out of balance due to pregnancy or menopause can also cause sun spots, and many women develop noticeable sun spots on their face during pregnancy. This is because certain hormones can stop the body’s ability to regulate melanin production, resulting in age spots.

Prevention of Sun Spots

The best way to prevent sun spots is to wear a high UVB/UVA sunblock anytime that you are in the sun. Sunblock does wear off quickly and will need to be replied every few hours. Wearing a wide-brimmed hat can also protect delicate areas of the skin.

At Elements Laser Spa, we provide laser treatment for the removal of sun spots. We specialize in cosmetic laser treatments, including skin tightening, spider vein removal, and laser hair removal, at our med spa in Austin. Call us at (512) 444-4600 to schedule a treatment or consultation appointment today.


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